GIS in Public Safety

Emergency/Disaster Management

How GIS is Used in Emergency/Disaster Management

The following core capabilities can be enhanced using GIS technology enabling staff to more effectively carry out all types of tasks for supporting every kind of public safety emergency.

Planning
and Analysis
Data
Management
Field
Operations
Situational
Awareness

Planning and Analysis

GIS is the most complete information system for analyzing, modeling, and displaying community vulnerability. When hazard locations can be viewed along with critical infrastructure, critical values at highest risk become apparent. Models can be processed to determine potential impacts and appropriate mitigation requirements. When events occur, response preparedness is more comprehensive. The basic foundation of developing an emergency management program is the analysis of risks and hazards to determine values at risk and operations necessary to reduce exposure, respond effectively, and recover quickly.

Data Management

To achieve comprehensive preparedness, a great deal of information must be gathered and maintained in advance of an event. ArcGIS is a flexible information platform that enables full integration with other information systems. ArcGIS is a standards-based and provides an extendable architecture for true interoperability. Accurate cataloging of GIS data and services, combined with your organization's existing investments, gives you an edge for turning raw data into useful information.

Field Operations

Getting accurate information from field operations back to the command center can be a difficult challenge. Mobile GIS gives you the advantage. Field crews can easily capture data and have it sent back for incorporation in the common operating picture. Commanders get a more accurate and dynamic understanding of conditions on the ground. New data can be sent to field teams so they have the best information possible for staying safe and protecting lives. Whether it's response or recovery, mobile GIS gives you the capability you need for getting the right information, wherever it may be.

Situational Awareness

Situational awareness is the corner stone of emergency and disaster management. As an emergency unfolds, it is paramount to an effective response to understand the current circumstances and to monitor events as they dynamically unfold over time. You need to know what's happening and where, and you have to be able to see it in real time. GIS aids in quickly establishing full situational awareness by linking people, processes, and information together using geography. It provides the map interface into getting a handle on an emergency and nimbly adjusting to change.


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