ArcWatch: GIS News, Views, and Insights

July 2016


GIS Web App Drives Change in Transportation Planning

Easy-to-Use App Paves a Paperless Way to Get Approval to Ride the School Bus in Northern Ireland

By Jonathan Irwin
Esri Ireland

Parents in Dungannon, Northern Ireland, can now use an ingenious GIS-based web app to check if their children are eligible for school bus transportation and then apply for it online.

Developed by Esri Ireland for the Education Authority, the School Transport app was enthusiastically received by families that participated in a highly successful pilot study. Located 42 miles east of Belfast, the Dungannon district has a population of about 58,000.

The Education Authority in Northern Ireland provides bus transportation to students who live a stipulated distance from their school.
The Education Authority in Northern Ireland provides bus transportation to students who live a stipulated distance from their school.

The Education Authority is required by law to provide transportation for students who live more than a stipulated distance from their school. For primary school students, the stipulated distance is two miles, and for post- primary school students, it's three miles by the shortest walking route. In some cases, the bus transportation is free to the students, and in other cases, the Education Authority provides families with some financial assistance that can go toward transportation costs.

Northern Ireland is a predominantly rural country and, as a consequence, more than 90,000 children are eligible for free school bus travel.

Every summer, the Education Authority must consider in excess of 25,000 new applications for bus transportation in time for the start of the academic year. It is a very complicated process, which involves having the Education Authority measure (sometimes manually) the walking distance to school for each individual applicant to ensure that all decisions about whether or not to fund transportation are made both quickly and fairly. Until recently, this entire process was driven by information collected and communicated in paper-based forms.

"The time had come to change this," says Dale Hanna, transport manager at the Education Authority, Southern Region. "We want to make it really easy for parents to find out if their children are eligible for free travel and then submit accurate information for the application process online."

To make the process easier, the Education Authority approached Esri Ireland and asked it to use Esri's GIS technology to create a web-based app that would be mobile friendly and accessible 24/7. Developed using Esri's ArcGIS platform, including ArcGIS Online, the solution integrates live Ordnance Survey map services and address data from Land & Property Services (LPS).

How the App Works

When parents log in to the app using a mobile device, such as an iPhone, or a web browser on a desktop, they can see the name of their child and a map view that shows the street where he or she lives, along with an arrow that marks the assumed location of the house or apartment. If the arrow is in the wrong place, parents can simply slide it using their touch screen or pointer to indicate the precise location of the property.

This nifty app gives parents the ability to measure the distance from their home to their child's school.
This nifty app gives parents the ability to measure the distance from their home to their child's school.

When parents tap or click the Submit button, the GIS-based app automatically calculates walking distances to their child's school. If the child is clearly eligible for bus transportation, parents receive an instant yes response, and their application is automatically forwarded to the Education Authority's transportation team.

But if the student is clearly ineligible to ride a school bus, the parents are immediately notified online via the app and by email. In other cases, such as if a student lives in an area marginally outside the eligible distance, the applications are forwarded for more detailed consideration.

"It's beautifully simple yet a terrific demonstration of the power of digital geography," says Eamonn Doyle, chief technical officer at Esri Ireland.

In a related initiative, the Education Authority used Esri's ArcGIS Online to develop a new interactive web map of bus routes. Consequently, now, when students are allocated a place on a bus, parents can look online to easily find their nearest bus stop and check departure and arrival times.

Convenient Service and Greater Public Confidence

The School Transport app has transformed the quality and availability of information for parents. In most cases, parents can get an instant answer to the question: Is my child eligible for school transport?

Parents also now have the convenience of being able to apply for transportation online without having to fill out lengthy forms. "The feedback from parents has been very positive," says Colm Daly, information manager at the Education Authority, Southern Region. "This app moves our engagement with citizens to the next level and, in doing so, improves the quality of service to our customers."

The new online app also helps to give parents a better understanding of the eligibility criteria for school transportation and instills greater confidence in the application process. In the past, the Education Authority only received a postal address for applicants in its paper forms. Now it receives emails with a precise map and the coordinates of students' homes. "This helps us to make better, faster decisions," Daly says, adding that, "the app may, over time, reduce costly appeals."

More Efficient Operations and Better Data Quality

The Education Authority can now operate more efficiently in the pilot area of Dungannon, as it no longer has to waste time processing applications from parents who have used the app and discovered that they are not eligible.

"In our Dungannon pilot, 15 percent of the people who used our app instantly received a 'No' response," Hanna says. "We estimate that it takes 10 minutes to manually process [these], so in the pilot phase alone, we saved over one working day. Across the whole of Northern Ireland, there are around 2,500 [noes] every year. When the GIS web app is rolled out nationally, we expect to save over 58 days a year, which will free up staff to focus on delivering other important educational services."

One unexpected benefit emerged. "Because parents can correct the locations of their homes on the online map, they are effectively doing quality control on the address data, and that's pretty interesting from a GIS perspective," says Daly. "It means that we can actually go back to LPS and other data providers in the future and supply them with updates. I don't think that anybody else in the United Kingdom or indeed in Europe is doing that right now."

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