Archaeologists, as researchers and resource managers, understand the importance of geography. Its variables exert a strong influence on human behavior today, and
archaeologists are aware of the significance of this influence in the past. Geography also influences the degree of exposure of archaeological sites, and the impacts that they face from human activity and natural forces.
GIS facilitates mapping to analyze depositional patterns as well as catalog and quantify artifacts. It can provide a well-structured descriptive and analytical tool for identifying spatial patterns.
Take a look at case studies, demos, and books and literature.