Land cadastres were originally registers of property and property rights used by the ruling authority to levy taxes, dating back to Roman and Greek governance. In the 16th century, some rulers ordered extensive surveys to establish legal boundaries to accompany the tax rolls. Today, the buying and selling of property involves a transaction on the land records cadastre. This transaction is important to public and private interests such as land registry agencies, banks, and title insurance companies.
As the foundation of a free market economy with leveraged capital, many countries are adopting land privatization for taxation to fund government services and economic development. GIS, with integrated surveying and database management, along with map production and modeling support, is considered the essential information technology for land records solutions.
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