Curators at the Library of Congress Embrace Story Maps

The largest library in the world, the Library of Congress (LOC), found a new and innovative way to share its massive collection using Esri Story Maps apps.

Collection of photos by Frances Benjamin Johnston
LOC houses the Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South (CSAS), a collection of more than 7,100 images created by noted architectural photographer Frances Benjamin Johnston. Her systematic record of early American buildings and gardens in the South is the subject of the story map by Kristi Finefield of the Prints and Photographs Division, LOC.

Located in Washington, DC, LOC serves Congress, the federal government, and the people. The library’s collection now boasts more than 167 million individual items. The staggering 838 miles of bookshelves contain books, printed materials, recordings, photographs, maps, sheet music, and manuscripts. With 12,000 new items added daily, many of these national treasures will never be part of a physical exhibit.

As the library embraces the twenty-first century, its leaders have adopted a strategic plan for 2016 through 2020 that will share more of its collections using new technologies, systems, and online tools. Physical exhibits cost money, take time, and are available only to those who can physically visit the library. The library has empowered curators with digital tools to reach an increasingly connected global audience beyond the library’s walls.

Library leaders initiated a 10- to 12-week pilot program to test Esri Story Maps apps as a new method for curating collections. Story maps let users combine text, images, and multimedia content in an interactive application that tells stories through the power of geography using GIS. During the trial program, 10 employees from six library divisions used the online platform to create presentations that illuminate previously unseen collections. The curators chose compelling materials that had never been exhibited and readied their story maps for presentation during LOC’s GIS Day celebration on November 15, 2017.

LOC has one of the largest holdings of fifteenth-century books in the western hemisphere. The Incunabula story map by Stephanie Stillo of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division organizes these extensive holdings geographically.

The exercise shined a light on collections that otherwise might never have been seen. Story maps provided new ways for the 10 curators to explore and share their collections. They used existing location data in their subject matter to better understand each collection, tease out new insights, and foster connections between different divisions at LOC as curators collaborated to enrich each other’s projects. Perhaps most important, they created a means of sharing collections with anyone in the world who has an Internet connection.

“I was able to give a voice to a collection and make it my own,” said Francisco Macias of the Law Library of Congress. “I think many of us who work in the library oftentimes think, ‘Why don’t they do an exhibition on this?’ This provides an opportunity to bring collections to life.”

Behind Barbed Wire story map
apanese-Americans who were interned in assembly and relocation centers during World War II produced newspapers that chronicled their experiences. Behind Barbed Wire, by Chris Ehrman and Heather Thomas of the Serial and Government Publications Division, highlights some of LOC’s collection of more than 4,600 English and Japanese language issues published in 13 camps.

The cloud-based Esri Story Maps platform will be available to all library staff. Pilot project participants are looking forward to creating more digital exhibits using story maps. Three story maps have been published on the Library of Congress website (, and the library has plans to share more story maps on the website.

“I find story maps to be a twenty-first-century tool for a twenty-first-century library,” said Stephanie Stillo of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division. “Story maps give us this fun and user-friendly way to mine deeper into our collections through mapping our data and through creative visualization. More and more people are reaching out to the library through our website, and I think it’s important that we’re reaching back to them with information that’s interactive, that’s engaging, and that has that stamp of authority from the Library of Congress.”

About the author

Cooper Thomas

Cooper Thomas is a cartographer and product engineer on the Esri Story Maps team. He is a displaced Oregonian, a forager of cultural sustenance, and a fair-weather motorcyclist.