The original "science behind the systems" continues to advance on several fronts. It intersects with computer science, analytical cartography, remote sensing, and imagery science. Some of the most important work is in developing and documenting useful datasets for science, and interoperating between these datasets and various approaches. Paramount here are effective and open analysis, modeling, and replicability and reproducibility of approaches.
Geographic information science is in our DNA
Geographic information science, also known as GIScience or geospatial data science, has been in Esri's DNA since our founding in 1969. Many of our key staff and leaders trained with legends in the field. "Father of GIScience" Mike Goodchild is a long-standing, trusted consultant to further guide and critique us, as is remote-sensing and education pioneer Dave Cowen. Chief scientist Dawn Wright is on the editorial boards of the International Journal of Geographical Information Science and Transactions in GIS.
Esri and the Space and Time for Knowledge Organization (STKO) Lab of Professor Krzysztof Janowicz and his students are pursuing joint research projects of mutual benefit and interest in the areas of Linked Data, semantic search, data-mining-based metadata enrichment, and geo-ontology. This includes experimenting with the ArcGIS ingestion of ontologies and Linked Data for data queries and the associated issues of user experience (UX), semantic search, automatic interpretation, web analytics, and more.
Group on Earth Observations
Esri is now an associate member of Group on Earth Observations (GEO), a global intergovernmental partnership that improves the availability, access, and use of Earth observations for a sustainable planet. Esri is involved in GEO's flagship Biodiversity Observation Networks (BON) as well as several of GEO's initiatives—for example, Global Water Sustainability (GEOGLOWS), Blue-Planet, and Earth Observations for the Sustainable Development Goals—and community activities (e.g., Digital Earth Africa).
Inspiration, resources, training, and fascinating reads on cartographic science
Maps We Love
A map can change the world, and so can you! Maps We Love is an ongoing project to find and share inspiring examples of what's possible with ArcGIS.
Cartography MOOC training
Once, only cartographers made maps. Today anyone can. Cartographers teach how to make better maps in this free massive open online course (MOOC).
Spatial Data Science in Higher Education
Learn how to incorporate spatial analysis into your data science curriculum through Esri capabilities, success stories, and training.