By way of reliable, verifiable spatial analysis and visualization, GIS helps solid earth scientists, such as geologists, ecologists, foresters, agricultural scientists, and terrestrial conservation biologists, answer a myriad of questions about spatial patterns and what process is responsible for those patterns. GIS is also a modern platform for the open sharing of data and compelling science communication at many scales: individual researchers, lab workgroups, multiple departments, multiple universities, university-to-agency collaborations, and citizen engagement.
The earth beneath our feet
New capabilities in ArcGIS Pro enable geologists and geophysicists to view and slice seismic reflection profiles and associated geological cross sections for a better understanding of the subsurface. (Data: Dutch Geological Survey, Visualization: Nathan Shephard)
Experience the World Ecosystem apps
Try our ecological web apps for exploration and analysis.
Open-access journal article via ScienceDirect
An assessment of the representation of ecosystems in global protected areas using new maps of World Climate Regions and World Ecosystems.
Open journal article via Wiley Online Library
Modeling global Hammond landform regions from 250‐m elevation data.
Open-access journal article via BioOne
A New High-Resolution Map of World Mountains and an Online Tool for Visualizing and Comparing Characterizations of Global Mountain Distributions.
Land cover 2020/2050
A better understanding of how our world has changed provides insight into building a more sustainable and prosperous future. Use these remarkable resources—at unprecedented global resolution—to analyze both present and historic land cover, observe changes over time, and forecast likely growth patterns.
NASA Disaster Response
Responders need reliable, accessible, and discoverable data and products for analysis in each stage of the disaster life cycle. NASA's Earth Science Disasters Program and Center for Climate Simulation have developed portals and apps providing hazards data to many audiences. These resources help drive effective response, recovery, and resilience during and after natural hazards.
Washington Geological Survey
Geologists in Washington State are using GIS to study current landscapes, uncover the history of volcanic eruptions and ice-age floods, manage mineral and fossil resources, and identify areas at risk from landslides and tsunamis.
National Water Model
This public-private partnership with Esri and the federal National Water Center forecasts stream flow at over 2.7 million locations across the US to deliver impact-based decision-support services. Street-level water information and guidance from tools such as flood maps serve as the foundation for additional private sector water services.
Polar Geospatial Center
The Arctic and Antarctic are both leading indicators of climate change. Shifts that will eventually affect the entire planet are among the most readily visible there, and understanding these shifts is crucial. Esri partners with the University of Minnesota Polar Geospatial Center to share rich elevation models with the government and scientific communities.
Unprecedented Map of Biodiversity Importance
Through a landmark collaboration, NatureServe is developing an unparalleled tool for identifying the places most critical for conserving at-risk species in the contiguous United States. With support from Esri, The Nature Conservancy, and Microsoft, NatureServe and its network of state natural heritage programs are modeling habitat for more than 2,600 at-risk, taxonomically and ecologically diverse species. These complex data are being synthesized into a map of biodiversity importance—a dynamic, transparent, and repeatable guide to effective conservation decision-making.
The Anatomy of Super Volcanoes
This project mapped ignimbrite flows in the Andes from data collected in the field or previously published.