ArcGIS

Geodatabase

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What's New

File Geodatabase API 1.3
This release of the API provides support for Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 and several critical bug fixes.

Single-User Geodatabases

The single-user geodatabase is for individual GIS work in a desktop environment. It is available as either the file geodatabase or the Microsoft Access personal geodatabase. Both are available with all license levels of ArcGIS for Desktop.

  File Personal
Storage Technology Uses local file structureMicrosoft Access (Jet Engine)
Licensing ArcGIS for Desktop Basic, Standard, and Advanced ArcGIS for Desktop Basic, Standard, and Advanced
Differentiating Characteristics
  • No versioning support
  • 1 TB per table size limit (default)
  • No versioning support
  • Max. of 2 GB of data

File Geodatabase

  • Stored in a file system
  • Has no theoretical size limit (A table can store up to 256 TB of data using a configuration keyword.)
  • Can have more than one concurrent editor (provided they are editing in different tables, feature classes, or feature datasets)
  • Can function as a child geodatabase in both one-way and checkout/check-in geodatabase replication

Read The Top Nine Reasons to Use a File Geodatabase [PDF].

Microsoft Access Personal Geodatabase

  • Stored in a single Microsoft Access .mdb file
  • Has a 2 GB size limit
  • Supports only one editor at a time; no concurrent editing
  • Can function as a child geodatabase in both one-way and checkout/check-in geodatabase replication

Multiuser geodatabases provide additional functionality that is not available in single-user geodatabases.

personal and file geodatabases are for single-users

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