GIS in Public Safety

Homeland/National Security

How GIS is Used in Homeland/National Security

The following core capabilities can be enhanced using GIS technology enabling staff to more effectively carry out all types of tasks for supporting every kind of public safety emergency.

Planning
and Analysis
Data
Management
Field
Operations
Situational
Awareness

Planning and Analysis

Assessing, validating and protecting against threats are key mission objectives of Homeland/National Security. GIS technology provides the capability to map and analyze hazards of all types. You can determine potential impacts by fusing incident data with critical infrastructure, population densities, and other community values. Vulnerabilities can be observed, modeled, and better understood using spatial analytical tools. You can better guard against potential consequences and develop effective mitigation and risk based contingency plans.

Data Management

State and local Fusion Centers provide a critical role in turning threat intelligence into actionable information. The processing disparate data requires effective data management practices supported by technology. GIS provides a standards-based platform for the management of data. It allows you to fuse data from disparate sources using the lowest common denominator-location. Spatially storing and maintaining data provides an effective method for transforming intelligence into useful information that is visually intuitive in the context of a map.

Field Operations

The Homeland/National Security mission requires the ability to exchange data in multiple locations as well as with resources operating in the field. GIS provides the capability for rapid data exchange that is easy to assimilate, understand, and act on. Mobile GIS data can be easily integrated and visualized into a map-based common operating picture. Information is more effectively shared for things like analyze multiple data feeds for damage assessments or rapidly disseminating information to first responders for enhanced situational awareness.

Situational Awareness

A GIS map display with high-value static data (critical infrastructure, imagery, hazards, etc.) integrates dynamic event data (sensors, cameras, traffic, incidents, etc.) to represent the current situation throughout the jurisdiction, region, or nation. This gives you the comprehensive situational awareness needed to make better decisions. You can then quickly display, understand, and share with any and all stakeholders in local, state, and federal organizations. Increased capability to rapidly process and disseminate information results in enhancing protection of people and assets. GIS also provides a flexible information exchange platform to rapidly integrate new/additional information across centralized and remote operating environments.


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