GIS in Public Safety

Law Enforcement

How GIS is Used in Law Enforcement

The following core capabilities can be enhanced using GIS technology enabling staff to more effectively carry out all types of tasks for supporting every kind of public safety emergency.

Planning
and Analysis
Data
Management
Field
Operations
Situational
Awareness

Planning and Analysis

Crime, criminals, victims, and most of what law enforcement deals with has a location: a specific address, building, street corner, block, or similar geography. This information is vital not only in the day-to-day deployment of increasingly scarce resources but is extremely important in developing strategies for deterring and preventing crime as well as developing tactical plans for dealing with today's issues. Data-driven policing through geographic information systems (GIS) enables agencies to leverage their analysis of crime and intelligence information to proactively focus scarce resources in solving community problems, preventing crime and apprehending criminals.

Data Management

GIS provides a standards-based platform for the management and analysis of data as well as providing an easily sharable medium to both visualize and disseminate information and analysis. Spatially storing and maintaining data coupled with solid analytics has given law enforcement a much greater opportunity to manage potential data overload and visualize their analysis and data to understand the nature of crime and other issues in their communities. This data-driven approach employs police databases with geographic information systems (GIS) and better analytic tools to provide police managers with a detailed picture of crime in their communities.

Field Operations

Every law enforcement agency wants to put the best available information in the hands of their first responders not only to improve their effectiveness but also for the safety of both the officers in the field and the citizens they serve. Equally important is the ability of these officers to provide accurate information from the field back to the communications center or EOC to provide supervision and command staff a timely and accurate picture of what is actually occurring in the field. A mobile GIS provides the capability for this rapid data exchange in a manner that is easy to understand and that can be integrated, visualized and shared through a map-based common operating picture.

Situational Awareness

GIS gives a police agency the ability to have situational awareness through the creation of a common operating picture integrating various types of data and sensors. This capability provides command staff with the most up to date information by integrating your agency's high-value static data (crime hazards, gang territories, critical infrastructure, imagery, etc.) with dynamic event data (crimes, traffic, incidents, cameras, and other sensors, etc.) and analysis through a map. This map provides the comprehensive situational awareness needed to make better decisions as well as the ability to share this information with other involved agencies.


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