ArcGIS as a System for Emergency/Disaster Management
The ArcGIS provides a system for emergency/disaster management that supports all facets of the mission including preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery.
GIS spatial analysis and modeling power provide the tools necessary to perform a thorough risk and hazard assessment. Not only can GIS quickly map and display critical infrastructure, populations, and other community values exposed to natural and technological hazards, it can also model potential events to determine consequence and loss. This type of work is typically performed by a GIS technician using the power of ArcGIS for Desktop technology.
A web-based GIS enabled common operating picture (COP) provides an essential geographic context of the jurisdiction with base layers of information (imagery, streets, critical infrastructure, elevations, etc.) GIS can also consume and publish dynamic GIS data and services from other systems (weather, traffic cameras, video, GPS, 911 calls, etc.). Operational analytics (demographic analysis, plume modeling, road closures, etc) on the GIS platform can be performed by fusing base map data with dynamic data. This type of technology is configured for use by operations personnel and does not require a GIS analyst.
Mobile GIS technology now provides the capability to support a number of missions within the emergency management workflow. These capabilities include providing access to the common operating picture (COP) in the field, the ability to provide updates to this data from the field in tactical and administrative operations, and the ability to collect all types of GIS and non GIS data that can be transmitted to the COP for visualization within a geographic context. ArcGIS for Windows Mobile is configurable for use in the field with very little training required.
Online Maps and Data
ArcGIS Online and ArcGIS.com provide access to all types of GIS data, imagery, and applications and is a key component of the ArcGIS system for emergency/disaster management. A variety of worldwide base maps are available including imagery, streets, topography, community base maps and more. Emergency personnel can create private or public groups to exchange map data, projects, and presentations.
ArcGIS for Server is the core component of the GIS system for emergency/disaster management. It can be deployed within the emergency management facility or can be hosted in the cloud and provided as a GIS service. ArcGIS for Server provides the platform for the organization and management of GIS data available to the desktop for planning and analysis for enhanced decision support and analysis of unfolding events. It manages mobile connections to consume updates and edits which are stored in the database and published to the COP. It also enables access to dynamic data, services, and other online GIS data that is made available to all other GIS clients and viewers within the system.