ArcGIS as a System for Homeland/National Security
The mission of Homeland and National Security requires the collaboration and sharing information across public safety, intelligence, emergency management, and defense communities. ArcGIS is a system uniquely supporting Homeland and National Security capabilities through a geographic approach on the desktop, within the cloud, or out in the field.
GIS desktop tools provide the ability to visualize patterns of suspicious activities and to model vulnerabilities. Threats to critical infrastructure, populations, and other community values are quickly identified with GIS where spatial models can help analysts determine consequences. This type of work is typically performed by a GIS technician using the power of ArcGIS for Desktop technology.
Fusion center analysts can publish their tradecraft through a web-based GIS enabled common operating picture (COP) to improve collaboration and information sharing throughout the organization. Fusing base and dynamic data such as; weather, traffic cameras, video, GPS, 911 calls, SARs, and etc, fusion center analysts can easily provide decision makers with a complete picture of threat potential without requiring a GIS specialist or significant GIS training. GIS integrated with collaborative technologies such as Microsoft SharePoint provides comprehensive information management workflow.
Dissemination of information often requires the ability to provide mobile workforce information in the field. Fusion centers often have the need to provide law enforcement and investigators with information related to suspicious activity reports including details related to the location of the SAR such as its proximity to critical infrastructure, related SAR's, or other crimes. Law enforcement officers and investigators can have access to such information via a portable laptop, or through a PDA and cellphone.
Online Maps and Data
ArcGIS Online and ArcGIS.com provide access to all types of GIS data, imagery, and applications and is a key component of the ArcGIS system for emergency/disaster management. A variety of worldwide base maps are available including imagery, streets, topography, community base maps and more. Emergency personnel can create private or public groups to exchange map data, projects, and presentations.
ArcGIS for Server is the core component of the GIS system for fusion centers. It can be deployed within the fusion center or can be hosted in the cloud and provided as a GIS service. ArcGIS for Server provides the platform for information analysis and management to perform threat detection and assessment. ArcGIS for Server also provides mobile connections to consume updates and edits which are stored in the database and published to the situational awareness viewer. It also enables access to dynamic data, services, and other online GIS data that is made available to all other GIS clients and viewers within the system.